Pros and cons of tourism | What is tourism?, advantages and disadvantages of tourism - icsecbse (2023)

Pros and cons of tourism:It's no secret that the tourism industry is growing all over the world. In order to understand what the future holds for tourism, it is important to examine the current landscape and consider how new technological advancements may impact the industry.

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In addition, tourism is a very large service industry with many ventures. In fact, the number of tourists was estimated at 4.4 billion by the United Nations World Tourism Organization in 2016. Tourism creates jobs, offers jobs and brings in money and income. Tourism has many benefits, but the biggest one is that it helps the economy as a whole. A study conducted by the Tourism Policy Research Unit found that tourism increases each country's GDP by an average of 8%. Additionally, more and more people are going on vacation every year and this trend shows no signs of slowing down even though we are in the midst of a global pandemic. And like any other industry, tourism has many advantages and some disadvantages. In this article, we will explore the pros and cons of tourism.

Benefits of Tourism

Tourism is a huge industry. It not only creates jobs but also promotes economic development in different parts of the world. It has many advantages such as B. boosting the economy and giving a sense of place. Tourism also helps preserve natural resources and cultural traditions. Other advantages of tourism are:


  • Tourism brings money –Tourism brings in money because people from all over the world travel to different countries. As we have already seen, tourism is a huge industry, which means that it has many benefits, including economic and social ones. It offers jobs in hotels, restaurants and other tourism industries. It also helps maintain services so tourists can enjoy their vacations even more.
  • Tourism creates jobs –Tourism can be a significant source of income for local communities. As a result, tourism often creates jobs in various sectors such as hospitality and agriculture. Tourism also helps improve the housing market, which will lead to economic growth and job opportunities in other industries
  • Stimulates the growth of a country –Tourism is a significant growth area for many countries. It makes the economy grow and is also good for the environment. However, there are many ways to promote tourism. Many countries offer investment incentives such as tax breaks or low corporate tax rates. These types of incentives allow companies to invest their money in real estate, transportation, and other forms of infrastructure needed to promote tourism in the country.
  • Incentive to preserve the natural environment –One of the most important ways tourism can help protect nature and the environment is by incentivising people to conserve these areas. Because the destruction of such areas means a decline in tourism.
  • Tourism promotes international connections –Tourism is an industry that encourages international connections. Tourism creates new friendships and builds favorable relationships between different countries. Traveling allows tourists to better understand their travel destination. They can also enjoy the scenery, culture and food of their destination.
  • Helps to place nations on the world map –Tourism is an economic factor for the nation. It offers a wide range of benefits including job creation, exchange of ideas, cultural enrichment and new technologies. Many countries have started investing in tourism to make it easier for people to travel abroad on an individual or business level.

disadvantages of tourism

The most common problem related to tourism is deforestation, which leads to the destruction of habitats for animals and plants worldwide. Tourism also negatively impacts the local economy as many businesses rely on things like local tourist visits to make money. Therefore, a pandemic or other geopolitical situation can mean the loss of businesses and livelihoods. Other disadvantages of tourism are:

  • May cause environmental damage –Tourism has many disadvantages, such as the impact on the environment. Tourists often cause damage during their visit trying to find a photo opportunity. The result is that tourists are often responsible for deforestation and the overexploitation of natural resources. Habitat destruction could lead to the extinction of endangered species, which could have adverse consequences for biodiversity.
  • Commercialization –Developed countries are becoming increasingly popular and can get very crowded. This has led to changes in people's attitudes and behaviors, including the development of commercialism. This new form of capitalism has had a direct impact on the way tourism is conducted. A common example is the proliferation of high-priced souvenirs sold by tour guides at major tourist destinations.
  • Can clash cultures –This is a major problem that many countries face due to the nature of tourism. It leads to a conflict between cultures and can lead to the destruction of existing communities. It is important to respect local customs and traditions as other people will not always be respectful of your culture.
  • Tourism mainly provides low-level jobs –This is a sector that offers low-level jobs. These jobs mainly come as waiters, cleaners and bartenders. However, these are usually temporary jobs that do not offer much growth opportunity.
  • Seasonality of tourism –Tourism has many disadvantages and one of the most noticeable is the seasonal nature of tourism. In general, tourism peaks in the summer months when people come from other areas to vacation in a warmer climate. Elsewhere, however, this trend has reversed. Notwithstanding, the off-season usually results in reduced economic activity.
  • Small businesses can't keep up –Sometimes the tourism industry in developing countries is owned by large foreign companies, meaning locals who depend on tourism income have to find other jobs to make money. This can lead to unemployment and negatively affect the economy.
  • Other key sectors of a country could be ignored –Over-reliance on the tourism industry can lead to other important sectors being neglected. This can become dangerous for the economy when the tourism industry is hit by political situations, wars, global pandemics, natural disasters, etc.

Comparative table of pros and cons of tourism

Below are the pros and cons of tourism:

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Tourism makes moneyMay cause environmental damage
Tourism creates jobsmarketing
Stimulates a country's growthCan cause cultures to clash
Incentive to preserve the natural environmentTourism mainly provides low-level jobs
Tourism promotes international connectionsseasonality of tourism
Helps to place nations on the world mapSmall businesses can't keep up
Helps preserve culture and heritageOther key sectors of a country could be ignored

Conclusion on tourist advantages and disadvantages

One of the most important things about tourism is that it has both positive and negative effects on a country. The positive effects are that it increases income, helps spread culture and creates employment opportunities. On the other hand, there are negative effects such as environmental damage from overpopulation, increased crime rates and loss of resources.

FAQs on the pros and cons of tourism

Question 1.
What are the pros and cons of tourism?

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Tourism is a type of industry based on the willingness or need of individuals and organizations to visit or relocate to a specific area. It can often be very advantageous, but it can also have disadvantages. For example, tourism creates jobs in an area and helps the economy grow. It can also lead to problems like overcrowding, crime, and even pollution. The risks of tourism have led many people to take an anti-tourism position, while some people are pro-tourism in their ideology.

question 2
What are the disadvantages of tourism?

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Tourism can have a negative impact on countries, regions and cultures. Visitor numbers can cause problems with city planning and public transport. There is also a lot of pollution caused by the amount of people in one place. Cultures can also clash and cause safety issues.

question 3
What is the main purpose of tourism?

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The main purpose of tourism is to generate revenue. The number of tourists traveling around the world in 2016 was approximately 1.2 billion and they generated $26.3 billion in revenue during their trips. These numbers are very promising for the tourism industry as people from all over the world are spending more time traveling due to many new technological advances such as online payment systems and remote booking making travel easier than ever.


What are the pros and cons to tourism? ›

Conclusion on Tourism Advantages And Disadvantages

The positive effects are that it increases income, helps to spread culture, and creates employment opportunities. On the other hand, there are the negative effects such as environmental damage due to overpopulation, increased crime rates, and loss of resources.

What are pros of tourism? ›

Tourism is vital for the success of many economies around the world. There are several benefits of tourism on host destinations. Tourism boosts the revenue of the economy, creates thousands of jobs, develops the infrastructures of a country, and plants a sense of cultural exchange between foreigners and citizens.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of tourism essay? ›

To conclude, although tourism can have certain negative effects like destructive impact and growth of crime rate, it has an extremely positive influence on country's economy and provides a large number of new jobs for the local people. I believe that these benefits of tourism outweigh its drawbacks.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of pros and cons? ›

The pros and cons of something are its advantages and disadvantages, which you consider carefully so that you can make a sensible decision.

What is major disadvantage of tourism? ›

One of the most significant negative economic impacts of tourism is the decline in traditional employment which happens when workers move from industries such as farming, mining and fishing into service jobs in the tourism industry. Another negative impact of tourism is over-dependency.

What are the disadvantages of tourism essay? ›

The disadvantages include pollution, littering, waste and a strain on the natural resources and infrastructure of the country. Tourism often leads to severe income dependency and may cause fluctuations in the future as a result. It often leads to crime going up in a country owing to the influx of different people.

What are 5 benefits of tourism? ›

8 ways Responsible Tourism benefits local communities
  • A better community for residents. ...
  • Lots of jobs. ...
  • More creative and entrepreneurial. ...
  • Opportunities for all. ...
  • More peaceful and more tolerant. ...
  • Preserving heritage. ...
  • Preserving the wildlife we love. ...
  • Fuelling the adoption of sustainable tech.
Jan 6, 2021

What are the disadvantages of tourism on economy? ›

Infrastructure cost

Another one of the negative economic impacts of tourism is the cost of infrastructure. Tourism development can cost the local government and local taxpayers a great deal of money. Tourism may require the government to improve the airport, roads and other infrastructure, which are costly.

What do you mean by advantage tourism? ›

It makes a significant contribution to the economy of a nation because it can generate income all year long. As a result of the tourism industry, many jobs are created, aiding in maintaining a stable employment rate for nations. Tourism can occasionally be a significant source of foreign revenue for the nation.

What is the definition of tourism? ›

Tourism is a social, cultural and economic phenomenon which entails the movement of people to countries or places outside their usual environment for personal or business/professional purposes.

What are the advantages of pros and cons? ›

Weighing up pros and cons can speed up the decision-making process, improve your understanding of the situation, and help you avoid decision-making paralysis . Using a simple "pros" and "cons" list encourages you to approach your decision objectively, without letting your "gut feeling" impact your choice.

What are advantage and disadvantages? ›

As nouns, the difference between disadvantage and advantage is that disadvantage is a weakness or undesirable characteristic; a con while the advantage is any condition, circumstance, opportunity, or means, particularly favorable to success, or any desired end.

Which is negative pros or cons? ›

The phrase 'pros and cons' is an abbreviation of the Latin phrase pro et contra, 'for and against', where “pros” are for the plus points and “cons” are the negative ones. It has been in use in the abbreviated form since the 16th century, according to the Oxford English Dictionary.

What are 3 benefits of tourism? ›

Tourism offers great opportunities for emerging economies and developing countries. It creates jobs, strengthens the local economy, contributes to local infrastructure development and can help to conserve the natural environment and cultural assets and traditions, and to reduce poverty and inequality.

How do you write a disadvantage and advantage essay? ›

Advantage / Disadvantage Essay Tips
  1. spend time planning the benefits and drawbacks of the statement given.
  2. make sure you have relevant supporting points.
  3. put your advantages together in one body paragraph and the same with the disadvantages.
  4. follow a safe advantage disadvantage essay model.

What disadvantages can tourism bring to a city? ›

Top 8 Cons of Tourism
  • Environmental Damage. ...
  • Exploitation of Culture. ...
  • Poor Behavior from Tourists. ...
  • Loss of Jobs. ...
  • Lack of Job Security. ...
  • Unequal Infrastructure Growth. ...
  • Foreign Business Owners. ...
  • Neglect of Other Sectors.

What are the 3 main impacts of tourism? ›

Tourism impacts economies through three interrelated routes i.e. direct, indirect and induced effects. These impacts and the structure of the tourism sector determine the sectors economic impact on a country.

What are 3 facts about tourism? ›

10 Facts about Global Tourism Industry
  • Global Tourism Industry is the largest industry with with a global economic contribution of US 7.6 Trillion!
  • China remains world's top tourism spender with USD 261B.
  • World's top tourist Destinations are: ...
  • 1/10 jobs are supported by Tourism industry across the world.
Aug 19, 2018

What are the negative impact of tourism on society? ›

As tourists bring new money to an area, crime rates may also increase, with tourists being targeted as 'easy money'. Locals may also develop a negative view of tourists, especially with large influxes of visitors, or if local values are not respected by tourists and popular visitor areas are not kept clean.

What are the disadvantages of working in the tourism industry? ›

Some of the main drawbacks of working in the hospitality industry are:
  • It can involve long working hours. ...
  • It usually comprises a high-pressure environment. ...
  • It may involve extensive physical work.
Oct 18, 2021

What are the advantages and disadvantages of economy? ›

The benefits of a market economy include increased efficiency, production, and innovation. The disadvantages of a market economy include monopolies, no government intervention, poor working conditions, and unemployment.

Is tourism good or bad Why? ›

Tourism provides thousands of jobs each year and allows people to explore the world at their leisure. It's excellent for both the people touring an area themselves for happiness and well-being, and it's great for the country's population as a whole.

What are examples of advantage? ›

His plan has the advantage of being less expensive than other options. He lacked the advantages of an advanced education. Speed is an advantage in most sports. The company's only advantage over the competition is its location.

What are the social advantages of tourism? ›

Through the revenues and jobs that it provides, Travel & Tourism helps reduce poverty and improve health, housing, education, and overall well-being. It supports diversity and inclusion, employing and offering opportunities to people from all walks of life, including minorities, youth, and women.

What are 3 types of tourism? ›

There are three basic forms of tourism: domestic tourism, inbound tourism, and outbound tourism.

What are the 4 types of tourism? ›

There are various types of tourism that you must have heard of: Leisure, business, sports, adventure and more.
4 new types of tourism
  • Sustainable tourism. ...
  • Food tourism. ...
  • Experiential tourism. ...
  • Wellness tourism.

What are types of tourism? ›

  • Types of Tourism.
  • Adventure tourism. As a kind of tourism in India, adventure tourism has recently grown in India. ...
  • Beach Tourism. India's vast coastline and islands provides ample opportunities for fun packed tourism. ...
  • Cultural tourism. ...
  • Eco tourism. ...
  • Medical tourism. ...
  • Wildlife tourism.

What are 5 advantages of tourism? ›

Tourism offers great opportunities for emerging economies and developing countries. It creates jobs, strengthens the local economy, contributes to local infrastructure development and can help to conserve the natural environment and cultural assets and traditions, and to reduce poverty and inequality.

What are 5 positive effects of tourism? ›

Positive social impacts in tourism include learning about different cultures, increasing tolerance and inclusion through LGBTQ+ travel, increasing amenities (e.g., parks, recreation facilities), investment in arts and culture, celebration of Indigenous peoples , and community pride.

What are 10 benefits of tourism? ›

10 Reasons Why Tourism Is Important
  • #2. The tourism industry can pay very well. ...
  • #3. Tourism impacts GDP growth (and decline) ...
  • #4. Tourism supports low-income countries. ...
  • #5. Tourism plays a role in gender equality. ...
  • #6. Tourism is good for rural areas. ...
  • #7. Tourism can play a role in fighting against climate change. ...
  • #8. ...
  • #9.

What are the 4 impacts of tourism? ›

The traditionally-described domains of tourism impacts are economic, socio-cultural, and environmental dimensions. The economic effects of tourism include improved tax revenue and personal income, increased standards of living, and more employment opportunities.

What are the social benefits of tourism? ›

Through the revenues and jobs that it provides, Travel & Tourism helps reduce poverty and improve health, housing, education, and overall well-being. It supports diversity and inclusion, employing and offering opportunities to people from all walks of life, including minorities, youth, and women.

What are the positive effects of tourism on the environment? ›

Tourism and the environment can be mutually supportive

In a number of destinations, tourism helps to ensure higher water quality and better protection of nature and local natural resources. It can generate additional resources to invest in environmental infrastructures and services.


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